European legislation concerning winter tyres and tyre chains

It’s important for you are familiar with the latest legislation concerning winter tyres and tyre chains on commercial vehicles heavier than 3500 kg. We realise exactly how important this is! That’s why we are pleased to inform you about the latest requirements in Europe’s main transport countries.

It’s important for you are familiar with the latest legislation concerning winter tyres and tyre chains on commercial vehicles heavier than 3500 kg. We realise exactly how important this is! That’s why we are pleased to inform you about the latest requirements in Europe’s main transport countries. A table containing useful information can be found below.

If you need information about other European countries, please download our white paper for a complete overview.

Country

Rules concerning winter tyres

Rules concerning tyre chains and tyres with spikes

Belgium

No general legislation concerning winter tyres. If specified, they must be mounted symmetrically.

Only use tyre chains on roads covered with snow and/or ice. Tyres with spikes are forbidden.

Germany

In winter conditions, vehicles over 3.5t GVW must feature winter tyres (M+S) on permanently driven axles and steering axles. Winter tyres produced after 1 January 2018 must feature the snowflake symbol.

Tyre chains are mandatory if indicated on road signs. Tyres with spikes are not permitted.

France

Winter tyres are mandatory if indicated on road signs. A safety vest must always be present inside the vehicle.

Tyre chains are not mandatory, but are permitted. For certain mountain routes, tyre chains must be placed on at least two wheels of the drive axle(s). This applies to roads featuring the sign ‘B26’, ‘Chaînes à neige obligatoires’. Sign ‘B44’ indicates that chains are no longer needed. In this case, tyre chains must be placed on at least two wheels of the drive axle(s). Tyres with spikes are only permitted on trucks in exceptional circumstances.

Italy

Mandatory between 15 November and 14 April on signposted roads. Winter tyres or tyre chains are mandatory in the Aosta Valley between 15 October and 14 April. Summer tyres with tyre chains are also permitted.

If driving with summer tyres, it is mandatory to have tyre chains on board between 15 November and 14 April. Tyre chains must be CUNA approved. There must be least two tyre chains on the drive axle(s) (or around winter tyres).

Luxembourg

All driven wheels on trucks and buses must feature winter tyres (M+S) in winter conditions (snow, sleet or ice on the road). Between 1 April and 29 October, it is forbidden to use winter tyres featuring a speed symbol that is lower than the maximum speed of the vehicle.

Only use tyre chains on roads covered with snow and/or ice.

Netherlands

No general legislation for winter tyres on trucks.

Tyre chains and tyres with spikes are not permitted on public highways.

Austria

Between 1 November and 14 April, winter tyres are mandatory on drive axles for vehicle categories N2* and N3*. Four winter tyres are mandatory if tyres are double mounted. Between 1 November and 14 March, winter tyres must be mounted on at least the drive axle(s) on vehicles in categories M2* and M3*.

Tyre chains must be kept on board for drive axles between 1 November and 14 April. Tyre chains must comply with Ö-Norm V5119 for trucks and buses. Tyre chains that originate from member countries of the European Union and feature a CE number are also permitted. Tyres with spikes are not permitted.

Poland

No general legislation for winter tyres on trucks, but they are recommended.

Tyre chains must be used on drive axles if indicated on road signs. Tyres with spikes are forbidden.

Romania

M+S or winter tyres are mandatory on drive axles for vehicles over 3.5t GVW. All-season tyres will not be classed as winter tyres.

Vehicles over 3.5t GVW must have tyre chains on board, which must be used on drive axles if indicated on road signs. Tyres with spikes are not permitted.

Spain

Winter tyres or M+S tyres are mandatory in mountainous areas. This will be indicated on road signs.

Tyre chains are permitted when indicated by road signs or the authorities. Tyres with spikes are not permitted.

Switzerland

Winter tyres are mandatory when indicated on road signs. The minimum pattern depth for summer and winter tyres is 1.6 mm.

Tyre chains are mandatory if indicated on road signs. Tyres with spikes are not permitted.